Jacques-Yves Cousteau

He is one of  the greatest icons who were responsible for introducing millions of people to the part of the underwater world. Cousteau’s 60-year journey to the sea was not just an exploration adventure. So (ocean arachnologist), as he used to call himself, has contributed to innovations and projects that underpin much environmental technology research today.
In 1943, he and his colleague, engineer (Emile Gagnan) developed the design (Aqua-lung), or the compressed air cylinder that divers use today, which represented a breakthrough that enabled explorers to finally remain underwater without relying on the stock of the lungs.

(Cousteau) retired from the French Navy to devote himself to his research projects. In 1957, he was appointed director of the Monaco Oceanographic Museum. He established a research group. In addition to his presidency of the program (Conshelf) for long-term residence experiences with colonies established in the depths of the sea, and his pioneering efforts to develop mechanisms did not stop. In 1963, he developed an underwater camera; Nikon later acquired its rights to produce it under the name of  Nikos. (Cousteau) today is a symbol of the spirit of science and adventure for the environment. He has been awarded by the (French Academy). And the American “Medal of Freedom” was awarded twice by Presidents (Carter) and (Reagan).

He also received the United Nations International Environment Prize and was appointed a consultant to it and the World Bank.


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